Ear infection is caused by a bacteria or virus that affects the middle ear, they tend to be very painful because of the inflammation inside a very sensitive area. Ear infection is commonly referred to as otitis, and it can be chronic which is very dangerous as it is a recurring condition that may cause permanent damage, or acute, which are generally very painful infections that last only for a couple of days. Immediate consultation with an specialized doctor is of essence in both cases.
There are many factors that may cause ear infections as allergies, sinus infections, smoking, colds or infected adenoids. Besides, some other external factors as climate changes, altitude changes, exposure to cigarette smoke or other infections may cause otitis as well. Common symptoms may be sensation of discomfort inside the ear, hearing loss, fussiness and drainage in one or in both ears.
preventing ear infection is easy, as preventing any other condition caused by a bacteria or virus. Taking healthy prevention measures as washing your hands, avoiding cigarette smore and avoiding crowded areas are enough prevention. If you have children, check immunizations are up to date, breastfeed often your infant and do not use pacifiers too often as they increase the chances of ear infection.